Bruno Bettelheim - The Significance and Values of Fairy Tales

Bruno Bettelheim was an outstanding Austrian-American psychotherapist, psychologist, psychiatrist, and educator, born in 1903 in Vienna. His scientific work mainly focused on child development and child psychotherapy. During World War II, he survived traumatic experiences, spending time in the Dachau and Buchenwald concentration camps. This event had a significant impact on his life and subsequent scientific work. He is best known for his work on autism and the theory of play. His approach to child psychotherapy was based on using fairy tales and stories as therapeutic tools. In 1977, he published his most famous book, 'The Uses of Enchantment: The Meaning and Importance of Fairy Tales,' in which he analyzed the deeper meaning of fairy tales as a tool to help children cope with emotional challenges and fears. His work in the field of fairy tale therapy contributed to the development of this method, where fairy tales and stories become a means of communication and understanding in working with children and adolescents.

Fairy tales have an extraordinary power to affect the human psyche and emotions. They are not just stories for children but also play an important role in therapy and personal development. They contain deep symbolism that allows for hiding various meanings and messages within simple narratives. The characters, places, and events often represent different aspects of human life, emotions, and challenges. In fairy tale therapy, therapists can use this symbolism to guide conversations and help patients understand their own experiences. Reading fairy tales allows readers to identify with the characters and immerse themselves in the depicted world. This opens the door to a deeper understanding of their own emotions and behaviors through the perspective of other characters. Fairy tale therapy utilizes this process of identification, allowing patients to gain insight into their own emotions and challenges