Art Therapy - Art as Treatment

Art therapy is a form of therapy and rehabilitation in which various forms of art such as music, visual arts, dance, and theater are used in the healing process for both children and adults."

The term art therapy comes from the words 'ars,' meaning art, and 'therapeuein,' which means treatment. 

Art therapy focuses on the process of creating art rather than its artistic value. In this approach, the impact of the creative process itself on the mental and physical health of the person undergoing therapy is of greater importance.

Art therapy methods include music therapy, visual art therapy, dance therapy, bibliotherapy, film therapy, phototherapy, and color therapy. Art therapy offers numerous benefits, such as stress reduction, emotional expression, fostering creativity, and social integration through group sessions. It doesn't require artistic skills because it focuses on the creative process and self-expression.

Art therapy can be utilized in various therapeutic situations, including the treatment of anxiety, depression, addictions, social relationship difficulties, and in the aging process, helping to minimize dementia symptoms and anxiety in seniors. It is a versatile method that heals the mind and body through enjoyable, creative activities.

The functions of art therapy include:

Corrective function - it supports the restoration of emotional balance, reduces frustration and anxiety, facilitates communication, builds a positive attitude, and strengthens self-esteem.

Enriching the inner life function - stimulates imagination, enables the acquisition of new skills, supports self-discovery, helps in understanding one's own needs and emotions.

Recreational function - allows one to divert thoughts from illness and negative emotions while providing a pleasant and relaxing way to spend leisure time.

Art therapy can be used during: 

Treating anxiety, depression, mood disorders, neuroses, addictions, and trauma; 

Coping with social and emotional difficulties related to disability or illness; 

Teaching interpersonal relationships;

Discovering one's own potential;

Boosting self-esteem; 

Social prevention for individuals at risk of social exclusion.